Roseto is significant because it is the first example of an outlier. It is deemed an outlier because people are much healthier there and live much longer than in other places. The cause at first is a mystery. It isn't due to their current location. It isn't due to their diet. It seemed to be due to they way the live their life and treat eachother. This research was done by Stewart Wolf and it inspired Gladwell to write the book.
Gladwell explores the advantages of birthdays in this section. The majority of hockey players are born in the early months of the year. This is a direct corrolation to the cut-off date for players. Because these players are older and bigger they get more attention, this leads to more practice which makes them better players. This is an example of advantages that some people have over others right form birth.
3. Computer Programming
This section explores opportunities from birth and work ethic. 1955 is the ideal year to be born in order to be a computer programmer. It just so happens that Bill Gates was born in 1955. He also put in much more than 10,000 hours which is the time it takes to truly master something
4. The Time for Tycoons
This section also explores the window for a successful person to be born. It emphasizes that success has two parts, one part talent, one part opportunity. This opportunity was their birth year, 1935. This was the ideal time to take advantage of the economy.
5. Wealth and Children
This expiriment was conducted by Annette Lareau. It looked for the corrolation between raising a children in a poor home, compared to a wealthier home. The results were that wealthier children seemed to have a sense of entitlement. An example of this is when a wealthy child went to the doctor's and interrupted him. This confidence prepares them for society better than the poor children.
6. The Work of Lewis Terman
Terman wished to study how seemingly intelligent children would end up later on in life. He called these children Termites. He followed their every move and finally his conclusion re-affirmed Lareau's expiriment. The children raised in the wealthier homes were better off than others. The next group led mediocre lives, and the final group never lived up to their true potential.
7. The Smartest Man Alive
Chris Langan has an IQ of 195 and is considered to be one of the greatest minds of all time. He however is not a very successful person. He is not well known, and he has never graduated from college. Due to this his work can't even get published. This proves the fact that even though one can be intelligent, they have to be able to communicate.
8. Learned Skills
Jewish people in New York gained success starting garment shops. They learned how to work hard and sew in their homeland which translated into success in America. This proved true the fact that people can be successful based on where they come from.
9. "Culture of Honor"
A culture of this sort existed in Kentucky in the 1930's, it even exists today. In this society, people are insulted very easily. This is due to the fact that they had to be intimidating to protect their animals.
10. Rice and Math.
Gladwell answers the question at why Asians are better at math. It is due to two reasons. The first being that their letters in their langauge are shorter and simpler. This encourages them to work because it is easier to understand. The other reason is that working in rice paddies required one to be able to grow smarter and work harder to increase their yield. This relates to them working harder than others